Acknowledgments are expressions of solidarity: they give one the op-
portunity to connect the people whose support, patience, insight, and
affection intertwine in the production of a book. Because the research
and writing of A Century of Violence in a Red City took ten years, I owe
an enormous debt of gratitude to a number of individuals and organi-
In Colombia, the project would have been impossible without the
sustained support of SINALTRAINAL, the indomitable Colombian trade
union that never succumbed to intimidation and terror, even in the
darkest days of the dirty war, and that continues to fight for equality,
peace, and justice. Javier Correa, Juan Carlos Galvis, Luis Eduardo
García, Efraín Guerrero, Armando Jurado, William Mendoza, Edgar
Páez, Alfredo Porras, Gonzalo Quijano, Efraín Zurmay, and many more
answered my endless questions, introduced me to others, pointed me
in new directions, and, on occasion, put me up in their homes. Their
generosity, humor, and political insights meant a lot to me, and their
resilient struggles are a source of continuing inspiration.
In addition to SINALTRAINAL, a number of people and organiza-
tions educated me about daily life in the working-class barrios of Ba-
rrancabermeja, after right-wing paramilitaries tied to the military
occupied these neighborhoods and made life a living hell for a great
many residents. Enrique explained the specific problems faced by
sexual minorities. Eduardo illuminated the workings of the neighbor-
hood action committees. Discussions with Pedro Lozada about rural
life in the Middle Magdalena made me understand anodyne concepts,
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