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Glossary of Quechua Terms
Anti. Inhabitants of the heavily
forested eastern Andean slopes
and lowlands. Also called
Chunchu.
apachita. Petrous roadside waka that
received offerings from travelers.
apu. “Lord,” often a term of
address used to refer to sacred
mountains.
aqha. A fermented drink made of
maize, also known as chicha.
ayni. A reciprocal relationship.
camay. See kamay.
chakrayuq. The petrous owner of a
field or terrace.
chinkana. Labyrinth.
Chunchu. Inhabitants of the heavily
forested eastern Andean slopes
and lowlands. Also called Anti.
hanan. Upper.
huaca. See waka.
illa. Small stones or stonelike
substances, often figuratively
shaped, held to be repositories of
good fortune and prosperity.
intiwatana. “Hitching post of the
sun.” Carved stones used to track
solar movement.
kamay. The particular essence of a
thing or type of things.
mallki. Ancestral cadaver.
markayuq. The petrous owner of a
village.
pacha. The earth, as well as periods
of time.
Pachamama. Mother Earth.
paqarisqa. Origin places from which
ancestral beings emerged to
populate this world.
paqcha. Channel for carrying liquids.
puna. High plains of the Andes.
puruawqa. Petrous warriors who
helped the Inka defend Cuzco
against the Chanka.
qaqa. Boulder, crag, or other large,
significant rock.
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