‘‘US Imperialism,’’ in Schwarz and Ray, A Companion to Postcolonial
It is worth noting here that unlike postcolonial theorists, some schol-
ars in the ﬁeld of American studies, like Pease, have begun to map the re-
lationship between American culture and imperialism, demonstrating the
importance of studying U.S. imperialism as a political, economic, and cul-
tural process. See for example Kaplan and Pease, Cultures of United States
Appadurai, Modernity at Large, 169.
Bhabha, ‘‘The Third Space,’’ 218.
As one anonymous reviewer insightfully pointed out, the term ‘‘liber-
alism,’’ while frequently invoked generically, in fact has speciﬁc and often
contradictory meanings in different historical periods. Throughout the text
I use the term merely to signify the liberal tradition within immigration dis-
course, which is broadly characterized by an attitude of receptivity toward
immigrants—i.e., xenophilia—and the attendant propagation of the myth of
immigrant America. Such an attitude may of course be embraced by liberals
and conservatives, Democrats as well as Republicans.
Boris’s ‘‘The Racialized Gendered State’’ also offers useful analysis of
the interstices of gender and race in the construction of national identity.
In addition, the collected edition Women-Nation-State by Yuval-Davis and
Anthias offers excellent historical studies of how gendered the immigration
and citizenship laws are in Europe, Africa, and Asia. Similarly, the edited
volume Nationalisms and Sexualities by Parker, Russo, Summer, and Yaeger
contains many insightful essays on how discourses of sexuality and national-
ism inform notions of identity and culture. And ﬁnally, Mosse’s Nationalism
and Sexuality provides an insightful study of the misogynist and heterosexist
reproductive policies of European states.