We ﬁrst recognize the kūpuna of generations past who have guided and sustained us;
these include all our lands and waters, as well as the beings who reside in all places
around us. While this book features the names and stories of many individuals and
communities who have enacted and fought for ea—life, breath, land, and sovereignty—
there are thousands who have engaged in and inspired Hawaiian movements. This book
honors the collective eﬀorts of all those who have pushed Hawaiian movements for-
ward. Mai ka piʻina a ka lā i Kumukahi ā ka welo ʻana i Hōlanikū, mai ke kumuhonua i
luna aʻe i ka lewa lani, mahalo i nā poʻe ā pau.
Like the movements explored in this collection, the book itself has also been a col-
lective eﬀort. Several people read drafts of key portions of this book. Mahalo nui to
Noenoe Silva, Terri Kekoʻolani, Joan Lander, Candace Fujikane, Dean Saranillio, Judy
Rohrer, Vince Diaz, and an anonymous reviewer secured by Duke University Press.
Great thanks go to Iokepa Casumbal- Salazar for his work on the bibliography and
to Bryan Kamaoli Kuwada for his assistance on the index. We extend our mahalo to
Tsianina Lomawaima for her support of this project from very early on in the process.
Many thanks go to Valerie Millholland and Gisela Fosado at Duke for their assistance
in seeing this project through to completion.
Mahalo nui to Kate Bell and Tom Blackburn of the Deviants from the Norm Fund
for their generous donation supporting the printing of this book. Mahalo also to Matt
Hamabata and The Kohala Center for helping to make and facilitate this connection.
A fellowship funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, Kamehameha Schools,
Kahiau Foundation, and The Kohala Center allowed Noelani to work on this book.
Hawaiʻinuiākea School for Hawaiian Knowledge also provided support for some of
the photo printing costs.
Ed Greevy would particularly like to thank the following individuals for the ideas and
assistance they provided: Hoʻala Greevy, Haunani- Kay Trask, David Stannard, John
and Lucy Witeck, Haʻaheo Mansﬁeld, John Dominis Holt, Joni Bagood of Mokauea,
John and Marion Kelly, Kathleen Kelly, Barry Nakamura, Soli Nīheu, Kalama Nīheu,
Keʻala Kelly, Neil Sananikone, Masako Ikeda, P. F. Bently, Hadi Salehi, Bennett Hymer
of Mutual Publishing, Lopaka Mansﬁeld, Donna Green, Kathryn Joiner, Antonio An-
dres, Nancy Aleck, Setsu Okubo, Kitty Bartel, and Bob Stauﬀer.