Chapter 1 International Haggling
1 Initially called Anjoman‑e Ravabet‑e Iran va Emrika (Iran‑America Relations
Society), it was later renamed Anjoman‑e Iran va Emrika (Iran‑America So‑
2 Nilla Cram Cook, “Memorandum of Understanding: Department of State‑
owi,” 14 January 1945, microﬁlm publication M 1202, roll 11, 1. This memo‑
randum, addressed to the U.S. embassy in Tehran, is marked “secret.”
3 Eventually, this responsibility was given solely to the Interior Ministry, which
held it until the creation of the Ministry of Culture and Art in 1965.
4 Cook’s contract with the State Department made her responsible for deliver‑
ing the following services: scheduling, supervising, and operating all screen‑
ings of ﬁlms for the noncommercial ﬁlm circuit for which the U.S. embassy
supplied documentary ﬁlms. She was to supervise the maintenance of all the
ﬁlm equipment under the control of the embassy and on loan to the ﬁlm cir‑
cuit. She also provided periodic written reports about both the state of nefc
ﬁlms and equipment and the state of commercial movies shown in Iran. See
“Enclosing Contract between Embassy and Miss Nilla Cram Cook for Opera‑
tion of Non‑commercial Film Circuit in Iran,” cuscf–Iran, 1945–1949, writ‑
ten by A. Ward, Counselor of the Embassy to the Secretary of State, letter no,
137, 5 November 1945, microﬁlm publication M 1202, roll 11, 1.
5 “Famous Iowans: Cook, Nilla Cram,” Des Moines Register, http://www
.desmoinesregister.com (last accessed 5 January 2011).
6 Nilla Cram Cook, “Memorandum of Understanding: Department of State‑
owi,” 15 February 1945, cuscf–Iran, 1945–1949, microﬁlm publication M
1202, roll 11, 1.
7 “Davenport girl, Nila [sic] Cook, Once Follower of Gandhi,” Des Moines Reg‑
ister, 31 January 1948. The Eleanor Fitzgerald papers at the archives of the