1. Muwekma Ohlone Cultural Patrimony
1. Ishi was the subject of a famous book by Theodora Kroeber, Alfred’s wife,
and Ishi’s story as told by her composes what most people in the United States
‘‘know’’ about Ishi. Following the rediscovery of Ishi’s brain in the Smithsonian
Institution and its repatriation to California Indians thereafter, many social sci-
entists renewed their interest in the Ishi a√air. Two important books on the
subject are critically appraised in Field 2005.
2. The owners of this particular abalone farm had expressed their support of
both local Indian peoples and of environmentally conscious farming methods,
but I later learned how implicated the production of bioengineered, domesti-
cated abalone was in the problems of the wild populations (see chapter 6).
3. Other materials that I have written for the Muwekma Ohlone, mostly in
collaboration with Alan Leventhal, that respond to bar/bia determinations,
and are designed to refute them point by point, by necessity remain unpublished
and basically inaccessible.
4. A very old basket in the collection at the University of California, Davis, is
attributed to the Ohlones of Mission San Jose and is said to have once belonged
to the Spanish colonial governor of AltaCalifornia.
5. I visited museums in Munich, Frankfurt, Heidelberg, Copenhagen, and
Stockholm in search of Ohlone material culture from the nineteenth century. I
was received warmly everywhere I went and was tremendously aided by curators
in each museum. However, I was also led to understand that there was no
possibility that my research could be linked to a process of repatriation of the
artifacts I was inspecting back to the Native peoples who had made them. This
reality was made most explicit in the museums in Stockholm and Copenhagen,
which had in fact recently repatriated large collections to indigenous peoples in
their own colonial spheres—to the Sami in Sweden and to Greenland Inuit in the
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