index
abortion, 68 70, 210 11, 271n56
Adams, Vincanne, 267n18, 276n12
addicted (as term), 7 8
addicted pregnancy, 11 14, 87, 206 39;
adversity index of stressors during,
61, 169 73, 199; biological citizen-
ship achieved through, 158, 267n23;
as child abuse, 12, 159; construction
of victim- perpetrators for, 180 85,
202–5, 209, 224 25, 276n15; crimi-
nalization of, 12 13, 78 82, 155 56,
158 60, 200 201, 209 13, 230 31,
268n24; demographics of study
participants with, 240 41, 243 45t;
drug treatment during, 5, 72, 89 90,
102, 151 52, 157 58, 178, 198 201,
230 31; fathers’ involvement with,
170 71; food insecurity of, 61 67;
housing insecurity of, 40, 47, 58 61,
185–88; intimate partner abuse and,
190 92; morbidity and mortality of,
213 17; neurocratic case manage-
ment of, 30 31, 105 6, 144 50, 158,
219 20, 225 26; political invisibility
of, 14 15, 218–22; politics of viability
for, 208 13; prenatal drug exposure
during, 12 13, 61, 63, 89, 155 60,
159–64, 271n58; prenatal health care
for, 53, 61, 83, 89; public health costs
of, 146 49, 229 30; racialized and
sexualized constructions of, 154 64;
rates of, 11 12; return to drug use and
sex work after, 12, 146 47, 234 39;
risks of detox for, 178; social admits
for, 178, 272n1; substances used in,
72, 160 64, 247n5; temporal con-
straints of, 8 11, 68 101, 141 42, 223,
259n39, 260n42; termination of
pregnancy for, 68 70, 209 11,
271n56. See also children; drug- sex
economies
addiction and drug use: among recent
mothers, 146 47, 175 76, 271n58; co-
morbidity with mental illness of, 7 8,
37, 71, 103 10, 121 24, 225 26, 260n1,
276n17; criminalization of, 109, 151,
266n1, 269n27; definition of, 160;
eligibility for ssi benefits for, 106 10,
123 24; neurobiology of, 106 7,
144 45, 160, 164 69, 226 29; onto-
logical shifts of, 12 13, 70–71, 225;
potential invisibility of, 14 15; public
confession of, 277n18; temporal con-
straints of, 72 74, 134–36, 223, 255n6,
255n8; toxic moms and, 164 69,
221 22, 270n44, 270nn48 49. See
also treatment
addict time, 72 74, 134–36, 223, 255n6,
255n8
adversity index, 61, 169 73, 199
Affordable Care Act (aca), 220, 226
Aid to Families with Dependent Chil-
dren (afdc), 157
alcohol abuse, 72, 130, 162, 247n5; detox
risks for, 178; fetal alcohol spectrum
disorder (fasd) and, 167
anthropology. See ethnography of ad-
dicted pregnancy
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