Chronology, 1979–1990
1979
MAY 24
The fsln begins its final offensive against Anastasio Somoza
Debayle’s regime.
JUNE 4
The fsln convenes a general revolutionary strike and business
shutdown.
JUNE 16
The Government Junta for National Reconstruction (jgrn) is
announced. It includes Violeta Chamorro, Moisés Hassan, Daniel
Ortega, Sergio Ramírez, and Alfonso Robelo.
JULY 17
Somoza resigns as president of the Republic and flees to the
United States.
JULY 19
The fsln’s guerrilla troops enter Managua in triumph and occupy
the capital.
JULY 20
The Government Junta arrives in Managua from León. The Funda-
mental Statute of the Republic repeals the Constitution, disbands
the National Guard and intelligence organizations, and defines the
powers of the state. With the promulgation of Decree 3, all the
wealth belonging to the Somoza family is confiscated.
JULY 22
The Law of National Emergency is declared.
JULY 26
The Sandinista Workers’ Federation (cst) is organized. The finan-
cial system is nationalized.
AUG. 6
International commerce is nationalized.
AUG. 8
Decree 3 is broadened to include Somoza family members, as well
as civilian and military supporters.
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