john e. bowlt is a professor of Slavic languages and literatures at the Uni-
versity of Southern California, Los Angeles, where he is also director of the
Institute of Modern Russian Culture. He has written extensively on Russian
visual culture, especially on the art of symbolism and the avant- garde.
sascha bru teaches literary theory at the University of Leuven. He has pub-
lished extensively on the European avant-
gardes, including Democracy, Law
and the Modernist Avant- Garde (2009).