Palahniuk, afterword, 215. The novel was ﬁrst published
by Norton in 1996.
Throughout this book the term white masculinity refers
to a process through which or a location in which het-
eronormative white masculinity attains or regains privi-
lege. The term is not meant to describe actual individu-
als per se, although the authority that accrues to those
individuals who do conform to the ideal of this process
or location should not be underestimated.
Savran, Taking It Like a Man, 5.
For an interesting analysis of the speciﬁc relationship
between the American novel and contemporary socio-
cultural transformations, see Fitzpatrick, The Anxiety of
Obsolescence, particularly 137–41, 217–33.
Wellman, “Minstrel Shows,” 321.
Lipsitz, “Listening to Learn,” 630.
Hill, After Whiteness, 93.
Faludi, Stiﬀed, 53.
See, for example, ibid., 51–101.
All statistics from the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau
of Labor Statistics, online.
See Hill, “Introduction,” 9.