This book is based on oral history and archival work conducted in
Zambia, Britain, the United States, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Tanza-
nia, the Netherlands, and Mala ˆ wi. This included twenty-two months
of fieldwork in Zambia in 1991–92, six months of work in South
Africa and Britain in 1993, subsequent visits to Zambia in 1995 and
1996, and follow-up interviews and archival work in Britain from
1995 to 1999. Several foundations provided financial support for this
project: Fulbright (IIE), the Social Science Research Council, the Na-
tional Science Foundation, Mellon, the University of Pennsylvania,
Sigma Xi, and the University of Cape Town African Studies Centre. In
addition, the Wellcome Trust provided me with travel funds for re-
search into the links between Manchester School anthropology and
the origins of medical sociology in Zambia. I am also grateful to the
editors of Duke University Press, especially Ken Wissoker and Pam
Morrison, for their support and encouragement during the transfor-
mation of this work from manuscript to finished text.
I cannot possibly name all of those who deserve thanks for the sup-
port and intellectual stimulation that have made this book possible.
My greatest debt of gratitude is to the former Rhodes-Livingstone
Institute people and their associates, family, and friends, African and
European, who contributed interviews, insights, and criticism to the
writing of this book. To those in later generations of the Manchester
School who have been neglected in this history, my sole excuse is that
the Manchester School’s far-flung network became too large for me
to encompass in one book. I hope to write another based on the
interviews I have not yet used and on private papers as yet unavail-
able to scholars. For the names of people in a few of the photo-
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