There are a number of people and institutions that I am deeply grateful
to for providing me the opportunities to conduct research in Papua New
Guinea. The Wenner- Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research (Gr.
6389) and the Porgera Development Authority funded the ﬁrst phase of
my research (December 1998 to February 2000). The second period of
research (November to December 2006) was funded by a Faculty Develop-
ment Grant from North Carolina State University’s College of Humanities
and Social Sciences. The National Research Institute granted in- country
research permission. I thank all of these institutions for their support.
All maps were created by me in
any errors are my responsibility.
Unless noted, all ﬁgures in the captions are also my creation, and all
photos were taken in Porgera by me.
In many ways this book was written in a dialogue with an anthro-
pologist whom I never had the privilege of meeting: Roy Rappaport.
Rappaport was one of the advisors of my PhD advisor, Aletta Biersack.
The introduction to Rappaport’s work through Aletta often made me
wonder what an updated (third) edition of Pigs for the Ancestors would
look like with an attention to globalization, Christianity, and colonialism.
I hope that in some small measure this book can contribute to such an
I am particularly grateful to Aletta Biersack for her support. Her keen
intellect and razor- sharp critique have forced me to critically examine