Notes
chapter 1: familial intensities
1. There are exceptions, of course: hermits, holy figures, and others who find isola-
tion helpful for their purpose. Some people with autism or who fall within the
autism spectrum find the emotional requirements of familial life overwhelming
and intolerable.
2. I do not mean the institutional structure of the family here. The positivist insti-
tutionalism of the 1960s paid considerable attention to the institutional frame-
works of state and family, in the guise of political science, anthropology, and
sociology. See, e.g., Ernest W. Burgess and Harvey Locke, The Family, From In-
stitution to Companionship (New York: American Book Company, 1960). Long
before that, many political scientists and sociologists explored how families
serve to form citizen and cultural networks: Joseph Kirk Folsom and Marion
Bassett, The Family and Democratic Society (New York: John Wiley and Sons,
1934).
3. Among contemporary critiques, I have found most helpful: Carol Smart, The
Ties That Bind: Law, Marriage, and the Reproduction of Patriarchal Relations
(London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1984); Gerda Lerner, The Creation of
Patriarchy (New York: Oxford University Press, 1986); Carole Pateman, The
Sexual Contract (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1988); Susan Okin, Justice,
Gender, and the Family (New York: Basic Books, 1991).
4. Emmanuel Levinas, Humanism of the Other, trans. Nidra Poller (Champaign:
University of Illinois Press, 2006).
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