glossarY
‘aha‘aina—feast, banquet
ali‘i—chiefs
ali‘i nui—high- ranking chiefs; in the nineteenth century, monarchs
aloha—love, affection, compassion; a greeting, for example, hello, good- bye
hālau hula—hula school or troupe
haole—foreigner; in the nineteenth century, a white person
hapa haole hula—acculturated forms of hula performed to music with
Western instrumentation like ‘ukulele and guitars. Although the song
lyrics were in English, they often utilized Hawaiian poetic devices and
imagery, particularly if composed by someone with fluency in Hawaiian
language.
ho‘opa‘a—chanters and musicians who receive further training and advance to
kumu hula
hula ‘āla‘apapa—hula performed with an ipu heke (double gourd) and often
dedicated to the gods. This genre does not have the standardized poetic
phrasing of hula ‘ōlapa and is of greater antiquity.
hula ‘auana—genre of “modern” hula
hula kahiko—genre of “ancient” hula that emerged with the advent of late
twentieth-century hula competitions
hula ku‘i—hybrid hula incorporating indigenous and Western performance
vocabularies that emerged during King David Kalākaua’s reign
hula ‘ōlapa—a nonsacred genre of hula performed with ipu heke (double
gourd) that often honors ali‘i. It has a standardized poetic pattern, often
phrased in couplets, and a concluding line, “Haina ‘ia mai ana kapuana”
(Let the story be told).
hula pahu—sacred genre of hula performed with the sharkskin drum and
associated with ancient temple rituals
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