Note: Information in quotes is from Mary Kawena Pukui and Samuel H.
Elbert, Hawaiian Dictionary, rev. ed. (Honolulu: University of Hawai¿i Press,
¿aha. A religious ritual
¿ahahui. Organization, association
ahupua¿a. ‘‘Land division usually
extending from the uplands to
the sea’’
aik¯ ane. Friend, also lover of the
same sex
¿ai kapu. Eating taboos; the system
of eating taboos; to observe the
eating taboos
¿aina. ¯ Land
¿ai noa. Free eating
akua. Deity, also spirit, ghost
akua wahine. Female akua
ali¿i. Belonging to the class of rulers
as determined by genealogy
ali¿i ¿ai moku. Island-ruling ali¿i; in
the monarchy era, the monarch
ali¿i nui. High-ranking ali¿i; in the
nineteenth century, monarchy,
members of the royal family, as
well as other high-ranking ali¿i
ali¿i wahine. female ali¿i
alo ali¿i. Those surrounding the
ali¿i; royal court
aloha ¿aina. ¯ Love of the land; love
of country
ao. Daylight; eras of human beings
in the Kumulipo
au¯ e! Exclamation of dismay, sor-
row, surprise
aupuni. ‘‘Government, kingdom,
dominion, nation . . . national’’
haku mele. Composer, poet
alau hula. Hula school, troupe
al¯ awai maka¿ainana ¯ nui. Mass
meeting or rally
anai. To raise or adopt; to feed.
The adoptive parent or child
haole. Originally, any foreigner;
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