Index
Abbott, Charles, 129
Academy of Natural Sciences of Phila-
delphia (ansp), 125, 130–33
Adams, William Y., 12
advertising, 100
Africa: back-to-Africa movements
and, 199–204; cultural degrada-
tion blamed on, 44–45; “Dahomey
village” at Chicago World’s Fair and,
94, 98, 109, 226n14; industrial edu-
cation projects in, 41–42; prejudice
against, 50
African American elites, 13, 21–22,
34–35, 44, 49–50, 63–64
African American folklore. See Ameri-
can Folk-Lore Society; Hampton
Folk-Lore Society
African Americans: brains and bodies
of, 5, 10; Brinton’s comparison of
apes to, 132, 135, 136, 148; at Chicago
World’s Fair, 98–100; in Civil War,
39; culture and uplift of vs. heritage
of, 24–29; culture of poverty and,
217; disinterest in culture of, 13,
23–24; minstrelsy and, 51, 58, 78–79,
99–100; Park on assimilation of,
9; World’s Fairs and, 16. See also
Hampton Institute; race; racial up-
lift; white supremacy and inferiority
discourse
Agassiz, Louis, 10
“Aims of Anthropology, The” (Brinton),
149–50
Alexander, Archibald, 36
Alland, Alexander, 194
amalgamation, racial, 158, 200, 203,
217. See also Boas conspiracy;
segregationism
American Anthropological Associa-
tion (aaa), 117, 179, 187–88, 190,
193, 195–96, 198
American Anthropologist, 121
American Association for the Ad-
vancement of Science (aaas), 11,
23, 147–50, 193, 196–98, 204–5
American Association of Physical An-
thropologists (aapa), 188–90, 198
American Board of Commissioners for
Foreign Missions, 36, 41
American Dilemma, An (Myrdal), 115,
180, 203, 215
American Folk-Lore Society (afls), 11,
34, 52–62, 147
American Indians: civilizing mission
and, 49; control of image of, 97–98,
100, 115; “culture” and description
of, 5, 10; evolutionary view of, 5–6;
focus of anthropology on, 10, 12; at
Hampton Institute, 40–41; museum
process and dehistoricization of,
15–16; as progressive Native North
Americans, 14–15; rejection of
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