CONCLUSION
APOLITICAL POLITICS
The extent to which Indians of all sections of the population ‘‘believe’’
in the it industry and in its possibilities for individual and collective
advancement is incredible. It appears that religious belief and belief in
it are the two dominant topics in newspapers and general discussion,
just as there are software training centres and temples in every small
town.—peter
van der veer, ‘‘virtual india: indian it labor and
the nation state’’
There is a significant difference now—consumerism, bubbling middle-
class population, availability of commodities, opportunities, economic
prosperity. No doubt about it . . . When I finished college twenty-five
years ago, I could not even imagine an India like this.—s.
mohan, a suc-
cessful serial tech entrepreneur and the current vice presi-
dent of ciber, india
For India, it is more than an industry; it is a ladder to India’s
future, a future that seems to have already arrived, at least in
part. In this future present, temples sit alongside software train-
ing centers and malls in a comfortable synergy. When we try to
pinpoint who is enabling these changes, and under what circum-
stances, important questions arise: Who is taking courses at the
software center, going to the temple, spending money at the mall?
Who is making the cultural innovations that make all of these
activities compatible, even complementary? As a new mode of
belonging to India is being imagined on the streets, it is also being
imagined in other spheres: in homes and in offices. And, while it
professionals may proportionally comprise a relatively small slice
of contemporary urban India, the India they imagine is incredibly
influential: it shapes (even as it is shaped by) American corpora-
tions and media outlets; it provides fodder for India’s economic
and development policies; and it offers a compelling ideological
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