Newspapers and Periodicals
Advocate of Moral Reform
El Clamor Público
Factory Girl’s Album, and Operatives’ Advocate
The Factory Girl’s Album, and Mechanics Oﬀering
Flag of Our Union
The Lily: A Monthly Journal, Devoted to Temperance and Literature
The Una: A Paper Devoted to the Elevation of Women
Voice of Industry
Archives and Collections
American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Massachusetts
American Textile History Museum, Lowell, Massachusetts
Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley
Center for Lowell History, University of Massachusetts at Lowell
Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
New York Public Library
Philadelphia Library Company
Primary and Secondary Sources
Acker, Joan. “Class, Gender, and Relations of Distribution.” Signs 13.3 (1988): 473–97.
———. Class Questions: Feminist Answers. New York: Rowman and Littlefield, 2006.
Almaguer, Tomás. Racial Fault Lines: The Historical Origins of White Supremacy in
California. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.
Amireh, Amal. The Factory Girl and the Seamstress: Imagining Gender and Class in
Nineteenth Century American Fiction. New York: Garland, 2000.