INDEX
African Americans: in arrest statistics,
151n32; discrimination against, 13;
freak shows and, 103, 108; slumming
tours and, 168n35
Ah Choi, 131
Ah- Choo, 46
Ah Yow, 46
Alien Contract Acts, 125, 127
Almaguer, Tómas, 21, 45, 155n11
American Federation of Labor, 128
American Museum, 102– 3, 110
American Th eater, 43
Angel Island immigration station:
detention at, 121– 22, 130– 31, 170n24;
history of, 171n29; medical examina-
tions at, 134
Anonymity: city life and, 67– 68; gen-
der legibility and, 11, 68; at masquer-
ade balls, 30; racialization and, 94
Anti- Chinese movements: during gold
rush, 34– 35; immigration law and,
122– 28, 131– 32; nuisance law and,
68– 69, 71– 72. See also Chinese
Anti- miscegenation law, 13
Anti- prostitution law. See Prostitution:
criminalization of
Anti- vice movements: emergence
of, 43, 46, 50, 67– 68; racial bias of,
50– 51; spatial regulation and, 50– 51;
Vigilantes and, 53– 54
Archives: imaginative reconstruction
of, 120, 132– 33; limits of, 15– 16, 119,
132, 151n29, 168n1, 170n28; sources
from, 15– 16, 151n26
Arrest statistics, 16, 151nn31– 32, 164n22
Arthur, Chester, 128
Asbury, Herbert, 61, 75, 118
Baldwin, Mamie: cross- dressing arrest
of, 92; police court appearance of,
92, 93; police suspicion of, 82, 161n2
Bancroft , Hubert Howe, 29, 43
Barbary Coast: female impersonators
and, 84– 85, 96, 101, 114– 15; male
impersonators and, 99; slumming
tours and, 111, 114– 16, 118; as vice
district, 61, 65, 70, 73, 101
Barnum, P. T., 102– 3, 110
Bars: cross- dressing law in, 114; dive laws
and, 44, 63– 64; female impersonators
in, 2, 84– 85, 96, 101, 114; during gold
rush, 26, 49; as slumming tour sites,
111– 14, 116– 17
Baskets on poles, criminalization of,
69– 70
Bates, Mrs. D. B., 38
Page numbers in italics refer to illustrations.
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