accumulation: of life and freedom, 86, 95, 204;
open- ended/endless, 131, 143, 160, 164, 177,
179; of resentment, 49. See also capital
accumulation
active nature (tennen), 22, 83, 92– 93, 139; and
freedom, 86; state production of, 87;
subsumption of, 125, 201
actor- network theory (ant), 11– 12, 194– 95,
197, 203
Adachi Kinnosuke, 143
aesthetic judgment, 136, 138– 39. See also
dynamic social aesthetics
agency: human/nonhuman, 11, 96, 113, 195– 97;
of nature, 6, 120, 194
agrarian fundamentalism (nōhonshugi), 13, 16,
119– 20, 139– 42, 202
agriculture, 127, 238n54; capitalist, 168, 174– 75;
crop rotation, 168, 236n24; fl ood plains, 91;
industry and, 142, 163; middle- class farmers,
144, 149, 188; nitrogen demand, 168– 69, 199,
236n23; owner- cultivators, 165, 173, 187– 88;
pillage form of, 167, 170, 173– 74; policy, 161;
production, 175, 177– 78, 180; war time and
postwar practices, 177– 79, 183, 187– 88; in
Watarse and Tone valleys, 89, 95, 235n6. See
also dairy farming
aisotai (appeal form), 75– 76
Akagami Takeshi, 64
akuto, 48
Analects, 60, 72
anarchism/anarchists, 117, 136, 146, 148, 161;
Red Flag Incident, 118, 229n1
Anderson, Warwick, 22
ano yo and kono yo, 23– 24
antipollution activism, 9, 20; Ashio mine
investigations, 41– 44; fi ght against blue
vitriol, 35– 36; of fl oods of 1896, 39– 40;
peasant protests, 68– 69
appeal. See jikiso
Arahata Kanson, 100– 101
Arai Ōsui: “Seeing the Crime, Knowing Its
Benevolence,” 80– 81; Swedenborgian
theology, 107– 8, 111, 228n63
Ashio Copper Mine, 14, 68, 212n17;
environmental investigations, 41– 43;
location and production, 33– 34; Meiji
emperor and, 79; miners’ riot (1907), 103,
123, 226n43; pollution, 5– 6, 11, 33– 36, 44,
88– 89, 97, 207– 9; protests, 68– 70;
regulation, 40, 87
Ashio Incident Society, 68
autonomy ( jichi): capital’s, 202; ecol ogy of,
160– 62, 165, 175, 179, 185, 192; farmer, 187,
237n36; individual, 8, 14, 21, 25, 138; Japa nese
colonists’, 180; liberal, 192; local, 97;
national, 62; of nature, 6, 12, 120, 194;
personal, 126, 161, 173; public, 65
“bad advisers,” 77– 78, 80
“bad water” (akusui), 7, 41
Bateson, Gregory, 9
beauty, 136– 37, 139
Beck, Ulrich, 85, 93
beef production, 167, 192
benevolent government, 68, 72, 222n69,
223n78; appeals to, 55, 75– 76, 82; Confucian
concept of, 66, 71, 81
Bennett, Jane, 194– 96, 202
Index
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