237
appendix a Roma and Other Tsygane in the
Commonwealth of Independent States
No census breaks down Gypsy population; this appendix orders them by rough
estimation, most numerous first, according to Barranikov 1934; Demeter and Che-
renkov 1987; Demeter and Demeter 1990:5–6. Self-ethnonym is given first in italics.
Servi Ukrainian-Romani speakers, also known as Ukrainska Roma or
southern Russian Gypsies
Russka (Xeladytka) Baltic-Romani speakers, known as Russka Roma,
northern Russian Gypsies or sometimes Polska Roma or Poljache
Kelderara,a Lovara, Ungri, Machvaja All Vlax-Romani speaking, some-
times referred to in Russia as Hungarian Gypsies or foreign Gypsies
Vlaxurja Speak a dialect that Cherenkov defines as belonging to Ukrai-
nian Romani but close to Vlax-Romani (Demeter and Demeter 1990:6)
Xoroxaja and other Balkan-Romani speaking groups
b
Xoroxaja are also
known as Crimean Gypsies, or Muslim Roma (see Barranikov 1931b).
Speakers of Balkan-Romani live in Moldova and southern Ukraine.
Beash (Boyash) and Rudara Speakers of archaic Romanian, often called
Moldovanurja by Vlax
Karpatska and Bergitka Carpathian-Romani speakers, southwest and west
Ukraine, sometimes lumped with Hungarian Romac
Sinti Germanic-Romani speakers, living mostly in central Russia
Lom, Bosha, and Karachi of the Caucausus Lom speak a dialect descended
from proto-Romani, but distinct from European Romani (see Hancock
1993; Papazjan 1901; Patkano√ 1908)
Ljuli of Central Asia Speak Tadjik and Tadjik-based dialects (Nazarov
1982–83:7–9), perhaps only distantly related to Roma but lumped with
them as tsygane in the Soviet census
a Called Kalderash in North America and parts of western Europe. See glossary for an
explanation of how Romani adjectival forms for ethnonyms are used in the text.
b Cherenkov (cited in Demeter and Demeter 1990:5) and Ventsel (1964) include Ursara
in this group, while Fraser (1995:226) includes them with Beash and Rudari as speakers of
Romanian, not Romani.
c Ventsel (1964) puts Ungrike Roma (Ungri) in this category, but Lovara in Moscow
insist that Ungri and Lovara come more recently from Hungarian-speaking lands.
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