Conclusion
U N C O N TA I N E D A C T I V I S M
millie thayer and jeffrey w. rubin
In the late twentieth and early twenty- first centuries, as extractive industries
expanded through Latin Amer i ca’s mountains and jungles and securitized
states extended policing and territorial control, new structures to chan-
nel and contain dissent were layered over older ones (Amar 2013; Bebbing-
ton 2013; Bebbington et al. 2014; Gudynas 2012; Svampa 2008a). The wave
of Pink Tide governments, brought to power  with the help of  a previous
generation of social movements, sought to direct participation and protest
by adopting versions of what we have called the Civil Society Agenda, in-
corporating  their movement allies  through participatory, eco nomically
inclusive, antiracist, propeasant, and women and lesbian, gay, bisexual,
transgendered (lgbt)–friendly strategies consistent with evolving forms of
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