INDEX
Page numbers in italics indicate figures.
abaca fiber craft, 232, 233, 234, 236 n. 5
Abang (Abung) people, 129
aborigines, 10, 40, 42–43, 46, 48, 59 n. 7.
See also Orang Asli (‘‘Sakai’’ people)
adat (customary law), 14, 20, 30, 124–25,
151, 152; Danau Sentarum Wildlife
Reserve (dswr) and, 198; discourse in
Indonesia on, 127–29, 145–46; in
Dutch colonial context, 131–33, 144; as
dynamic institution, 27–28, 176; ethic
of access and, 191; farmers’ association
and, 143–44; fishing practices regu-
lated by, 206; formal codification un-
der colonial rule, 153, 173, 174; hukum
adat, 125, 184, 198, 211 n. 1; Indonesian
‘‘national laws’’ and, 126, 213 n. 16; Kal-
pataru and re-creation of, 138–40, 147;
land tenure in Govuton (Sabah) and,
161–62; legal pluralism and, 153, 154; as
loaded concept, 125–27; local resource
practices and, 207; ministerial decree
and, 140–43; Native Court and, 169;
natural resource management and,
155; revival of, 15, 135–44; struggles
over, 129–35; villagers’ conception of,
135–38
Adatrecht van Nederlandsch Indië, Het
[The Adat Law of the Netherlands
Indies] (Vollenhoven), 126
Africa, 45, 88, 212 n. 8; Cameroon, 88;
Guinea, 117 n. 41; Madagascar, 92, 98,
106; Mali, 113 n. 10, 114 n. 18; Zaire, 106
agency, human, 4, 10, 151, 216
Aglionby, Julia, 205
Agrarian Reform Consortium, 127
Agrawal, Arun, 5, 93, 222, 235
agriculture, 87, 109, 276; Batek dislike of,
48; colonial policy and, 44; commer-
cial, 156, 164, 167; crop diversification,
73–74; expansion in Malaysia, 39;
people–tree metaphors and, 108;
plantation, 64, 65, 88; sedentary
(market-oriented), 30, 228, 230, 231;
subsistence, 156. See also cash crops;
plantations; swidden cultivation; spe-
cific crops
agroforestry, 134, 136, 140, 144, 191, 232,
233
agronomy, 95, 102, 108
Aliansi Masyarakat Adat Nusantara
(aman), 127
Amazonian region, 34 n. 18, 64, 92–93,
94, 118 n. 43, 274
ancestors, 8, 163, 182
animals, 106, 186; agricultural expansion
and, 39; East-West cultural di√erences
and, 108; livestock in native reserves,
171; oil-palm plantations and, 84–85;
Spirits of the Forest and, 51. See also
wildlife
Previous Page Next Page