1. Th e offi cial name for the institution is “Modilon Hospital.” However, people
in Madang Province commonly refer to the hospital as “Madang Hospital.” I follow
this common usage here in order to convey the association of the hospital with the
province that it serves.
2. See nso, “National Census.” Th is is widely considered to be a vast underes-
timate of Madang’s population. Th e projected population of Madang Province for
2010 was 476,561.
3. World Bank Urbanization Data 2011: http:// data .worldbank .org /indicator /SP
.URB .TOTL .IN .ZS. Retrieved August 2013. It should be noted that these fi gures do
not refl ect the transience of the urban population and the frequent movement of
young men to and from town.
4. Th ese concerns have been repeatedly refl ected in the fi ve- year National Health
plans developed since in de pen dence.
5. See Street and Coleman (“Real and Imaginary Spaces”) for an elaboration of
this argument and its implications for the theorization of space and society and the
growing fi eld of hospital ethnography.
6. In his defi nition of “heterotopic spaces” as spaces where diff erent kinds of
social ordering, which can be either transgressive or hegemonic, are tried out, Heth-
erington uses the notion of “orderings” rather than orders to draw attention to the
incompleteness and contingency of any sociospatial arrangement (Hetherington,
Th e Badlands of Modernity, 9). See also Law, Or ga niz ing Modernity.
7. Th e meaning of “form” here is taken from both Marilyn Strathern’s account
(The Gender of the Gift) of reifi cation as the limited aesthetic that persons or things
have to take in order to be recognized, and from Bruno Latour’s defi nition as “simply
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