introduction: the isles and empire
1. Briggs, ‘‘Program of the A. B. B.,’’ 1249. All citations from The Crusader magazine are
taken from a collection that includes most issues, republished as a three-volume set with the
final volume in the series encompassing volumes 3–5 of the magazine. The collection was
published by Garland in 1987 with an introduction by Robert A. Hill cited separately here.
All page numbers used throughout in discussing individual issues or articles in The Crusader,
including the page numbers of the introduction, refer to the Garland multivolume set.
2. See R. Hill, ‘‘Racial and Radical,’’ xlii.
3. The metaphor of the ship of state is itself not uncommon in American political
discourse (see C. Miller, Ship of State).
4. In Imagined Communities, Anderson coins the term ‘‘o≈cial nationalism’’ to describe a
‘‘willed merger of nation and dynastic empire’’ that was consolidated after World War I (86).
Similarly, in The Age of Extremes, Hobsbawm observes that Woodrow Wilson’s proposal at
the end of the war to set up a League of Nations was one concrete attempt to establish a
worldwide political institution that could manage the crises resulting from the decline of
empire and the development of the modern nation-state after the war (35). Following the
lead of both Anderson and Hobsbawm, throughout this book I refer to the principles of
national self-determination that emerged from the Treaty of Versailles as an imperial form
of internationalism, grounded in o≈cial nationalisms throughout Europe and the Americas