∂INDEX
Abalos, Refugio, 103
Africa: New Mexico compared to, 204,
207–8; social Darwinism and, 186
African Americans: antiblack racism
and, 98–100, 190, 315n189, 323n29;
comparisons of, to Mexicans, 11,
214–16, 239, 304n218, 333n179; dif-
ferential racialization and, 10, 98–
100; full citizenship and, 27–28; gen-
der ideologies and, 149, 160; Mexican
imaginings of, 69–70, 305n225; mis-
cegenation laws and, 138–39, 239; in
New Mexico, 190, 308n26; views of,
on New Mexico, 308n22
Afro-Mexicans, 32–33, 37, 297n61,
298n76; Spain’s colonial notions of
intermarriage and, 33, 138–39,
298n75
Agustín de Iturbide, 17–18, 37
Alabama, 30, 99, 236
Alamo (San Antonio de Valero), 211–12
Albino, 33–34. See also Casta system
Albuquerque, New Mexico, 17;
Chimayó Rebellion and, 42; Coro-
nado celebration in, 246; Padilla case
and, 168; rumor of race war in, 101
Alderete, Pablo, 90
Alfalfa, 172, 328n4
Almonte, Juan Nepomuceno, 71–72
Alvarado, Salvador, 157, 163
Alvarez, Cruz, 131–32, 271
Amador, Juan (John), 122
Amador, Martin: as booster for Las
Cruces, 265; economic success and,
1, 95; federal claim and, 1–5, 22, 68,
100–101; opposition of, to statehood,
265–67; Orientalism and, 209–10
Amador de Garcia, Emilia, 122–23
Amalgamation, 44, 55, 62, 138–39, 276
Americanization: Catholic church and,
107–9, 118–22, 129; gender and,
146–49; scholarship and, 8, 198
Anachronistic space: Africa as, 208;
imperialism and, 194–96; New Mex-
ico as, 200, 203, 246. See also Tem-
poral racial hierarchy
Anthropology, 195, 200, 288
Antimodernist movement, 192–93
Anzaldúa, Gloria, 288
Apaches: campaigns of, of 1860s, 94;
Charles Lummis and, 204–5; Confed-
eracy and, 313n149; as distinguished
from Mexicans, 193; as distinguished
from Pueblos, 38; genízaros and,
299n88; Kiowa Apaches, 51–53;
Lipan Apaches, 68; Mescalero-
Apaches, 1, 81–83, 306n249; Mexican
American hostility toward, 63,
303n197; Mexican imperialism and,
19, 31, 38, 68, 82–83, 157; as Mexi-
cans, 5, 59; social Darwinism and,
204–5; Spanish imperialism and, 17,
34, 293n53; Taos Rebellion and, 51–
52; Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and,
306n249; Tubac, Arizona, and, 59,
306n234; U.S. imperialism and, 81, 87
Architecture: denigration of adobe, 79–
81, 118, 173–74, 209; domesticity
and, 146; French, 119–21; gothic
revival, 193; Greek Revival and Italia-
nate, 80–81; memory and, 129–31,
183, 193; Mexican state and, 75–76;
regional identity and, 183, 209–11,
312n122
Archuleta, Diego, 303n187
Arizona: as Confederate territory, 89,
313n144, 313n149; demographics of,
285–86; English language law and,
254; Gadsden/Mesilla Treaty and, 80;
Mexicans in, 120, 229–30, 254,
330n43, 336n31; pioneer women and,
148; Pueblo settlements in, 34; state-
hood campaigns in, 25, 181, 192, 223,
229–30
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