Italicized locators refer to illustrations.
Acción Comunal movement, 13, 209. See also
Arias, Arnulfo; Arias, Harmodio
Adams, Peter, 224
Adolfo de la Guardia, Ricardo, 14
African American soldiers in the borderland,
191– 92; desertion of (1971 Pryer- Wagner
case), 192– 95; Panamanian discrimi-
nation against, 175, 190; prostitutes’
discrimination against, 149– 50; racial
tensions regarding, 171, 191– 93; radical
protest of, 192; U.S. policy on deployment
of, 64, 191– 92
Afrikaners, 58
Agua Buena, 41
Alabama, 98, 64, 90, 172
Albrook Airbase (U.S.), 16, 150, 176
Aldama, Margarita, 154
Alfaro, Ricardo J., 16, 45, 297n37, 305n12.
See also Hull- Alfaro Treaty
Algeria (French colony of ), 33, 76, 90, 122,
220
Alliance for Progress. See Kennedy, John F.
Alonzo, Fifi (“White Goddess of the Negro
Rhumba”), 142
Altman, Edward, 227
Alves, Walter, 236
Amberths, Lee, 148, 152, 153
American Battle Monuments Commission, 91
Amerindians, 25, 26, 245
Ancon, 18, 27, 42, 50, 57, 69, 79; Ancon Hill,
31, 35, 73, 90– 91, 246; clubhouse, 108;
hospital, 110; inn, 39, 138, 145; laundry,
84; police station, 111
Anderson, Benedict, 65
Angola, 88, 124
Anti- Americanism (anti- yanquismo), 76– 77,
80, 239
Apartheid, 43, 51, 61, 116, 117
Arab Panamanians, 3, 31, 95, 96, 100, 142,
151
Arias, Arnulfo, 13– 14, 20, 86, 94– 95, 101,
112, 120; Constitution of 1941, 94– 95;
expansion of franchise to women and
legalization of divorce, 164
Arias, Harmodio, 13
Arkansas, 90
Arnold, Benedict, 88
Arraijan, 24, 42, 128, 133
Atlas Beer Gardens, 199
Avenida Central, 14, 186, 199
Avenida de los Martires (Fourth of July
Avenue), 19, 35
Avenida Nacional, 34, 36
Azcarrga, Frank, 79
Azcarrga, Lucho, 92
Azueros, 173
Bajan dialect, 99– 100. See also identity; West
Indians
Balboa, 18, 27, 30, 31, 35, 42, 51, 57, 64, 71,
80, 207, 227, 232, 235; Balboa Heights,
31, 123, 253; Balboa Road, 36; clubhouse,
Index
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