1 Azikiwe, Liberia in World Politics, 208, citing the editorial page of the
Brooklyn Citizen of January 11, 1931.
2 Smith, ‘‘Negro Self-Government,’’ 736.
3 Skinner, African Americans and U.S. Policy, 10.
4 Stuckey, Slave Culture, 3.
5 The so-called melting pot has been discredited since the time of D. P.
Moynihan and Nathan Glazer’s Beyond the Melting Pot (Cambridge,
Mass.: mit Press, 1963) was published more than a generation ago.
6 Howard W. French, ‘‘The Atlantic Slave Trade: On Both Sides, Reason for
Remorse,’’ New York Times, April 5, 1998.
7 ‘‘Slavery’s Past, Paved Over or Forgotten,’’ New York Times, July 15, 2003.
8 French, ‘‘The Atlantic Slave Trade.’’
9 Snelgrave, New Account of Some Parts of Guinea, 158, 160.
10 Maulana Karenga, Introduction to Black Studies (Los Angeles: University of
Sankore Press, 1993), 117.
11 D’Souza, End of Racism, 73.
12 Lewis H. Latham, ‘‘The Black Man’s Burden,’’ Harper’s, June 1977, 16.
13 D’Souza, The End of Racism, 74, citing Zora Neale Hurston, Dust Tracks on
a Road (1942 Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1971).
14 Richard Wright, Black Power, 121.
15 ‘‘Television Focuses on Africa’s Human History,’’ New York Times, Octo-
ber 24, 1999. The article reviews Henry Louis Gates’s documentary/trav-
elogue Wonders of the African World.
16 Gates, Wonders of the African World, 196–97. For further reading, see John
Thornton, Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World, 1480–
1680 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).
17 See Lawler, Soldiers of Misfortune. Indeed, thousands of Ashkenazim did die at
the hands of their Polish, Ukrainian, and Baltic neighbors. And, strangely, the
Germans killed a far greater percentage of their European Jewish captives
than they did of their North and West African prisoners of war.
18 Pearl-Alice Marsh, ‘‘Open Letter to Contributors’’ (newsletter), African
Policy Information Center (apic), Washington, D.C., July 1998.
19 Henry S. Wilson, Origins of West African Nationalism, 94, citing Ed-
ward W. Blyden,‘‘Our Origin: Dangers and Duties,’’ annual address before
mayor and Common Council of Monrovia, National Independence Day,
July 26, 1865.
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