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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
After seven years of visits to Havana, the list of people who have helped
me, in ways large or small, is dauntingly long. I am especially grateful to
the following, without whose support or cooperation my research would
not have been possible:
Jessel Saladriga Fernández (Mr. Huevo), Randee Akozta, Miguelito, Ex-
plosión Suprema, Doble Filo, Rebeld’ Malcoms, Papá Humbertico, Her-
manos de Causa, Los Aldeanos, Papo Record, Alexánder Guerra, Obsesion,
Isnay Rodríguez, Anónimo Consejo, Barón González, Ogguere, El Adver-
sario, dj Vans, Clan Completo, Omega Kilay, El Discípulo, Anderson, Rau-
del (Escuadrón Patriota), Rubén Marín, Silvito ‘‘El Libre,’’ Yimi Konklaze,
dj Micha, Unión Perfecta, Cuentas Claras, Kumar, El Poeta Lírico, El
Enano, Champion Records, Carlos (tc Records), Alexánder Delgado,
Nando Pro, El Micha, Jorge Hernández, Triángulo Oscuro, Ariel Fernán-
dez, Roberto Zurbano, Rodolfo Rensoli, Jorge Enrique Rodríguez, Wil-
liams Figueredo, Fernando Rojas, Alpidio Alonso, Guille Vilar, Lourdes
Suárez, dj Manu, Nehanda Abiodun, Pedro de la Hoz, Yelandi ‘‘El Yela,’’
Eduardo Djata, Mercy, Aris, Cintia, Harry Belafonte, Raquel Z. Rivera,
Joshua Bee Alafia, Eli Jacobs-Fantauzzi, Jauretsi Saizarbitoria, and Clyde
Valentin. My apologies for the inevitable omissions.
Special thanks to Alex Lloyd, Oscar Castillo (Bambú), and Melisa
Rivière/Emetrece Productions for allowing me to use their wonderful
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