INDEX
acculturation, plural versus differential, 23
Adams, Harriet Chalmers, 45, 49–50
Africa, 11, 38, 42, 191–92
Afro-Caribbeans and Christianity, 38
Afro-Trinidadians: contrasted with Indo-
Trinidadians, 45–48, 52–54, 68; cultural
nationalism of, 10, 11; culture as folk and
primitive, 51–52; as Muslim interlocutors,
190–93; in Penal, 85; racialized culture of,
207; religion judged as ecstatic, 39; sexual
stereotyping of males, 58; urban identifica-
tion of, 68
agriculture: land contracts, 78–79; produc-
tion decline, 77–78; and rural identity, 69–
71; sugar cane production, 1, 61, 78, 91–92.
See also indentured laborers
aguwah (matchmaker), 79, 83
Ahmadiyya movement, 139–40, 234 n.7
ajoupas, 81
ancestors, traceable, 125, 127–29
Anjuman Sunnat-ul-Jamaat (asja), 67, 140,
150, 236 n.2
Anthony, Michael, 85, 88
anthropology, and interpretations of religion,
21–26
‘‘a prayers.’’ See functions (Muslim ‘‘a
prayers’’); pujas and Hindu a prayers; ritual
practices and performance
articulation, as theoretical framework, 226,
227
Aryan racial category, 39–40
Arya Samaj movement, 138–39, 234 n.7
Asad, Talal, 5, 22, 119, 186
‘‘Asiatics,’’ 46–47
Asiatic Society of Bengal, 235 n.11
asja (Anjuman Sunnat-ul-Jamaat), 67, 140,
150, 236 n.2
assimilation, 58–59, 63–64
Atlantic passage (kala pani ), 123, 129
Austin-Broos, Diane, 110
authenticity, cultural: born-again Christians’
rejection of, 98; and cultural performance,
51–52, 64–65; diaspora, heritage, and
Islam, 188; and piety, 189; and religious
knowledge, 157; traditional versus mod-
ern, 67
authority: of imams, 215–19; of pandits,
176–77; plantation resistance, 131; ridi-
cule of traditional forms of, 130
Aziz, Abdul, 149
‘‘Babagee’’/‘‘Babajee,’’ 130, 167
Bakr, Imam Yasin Abu, 233 n.2
Barnum and Bailey circus, 50–51
Bastian, Adolf, 32, 234 n.5
‘‘being fooled’’: blind faith, 213; into inden-
ture, 126–27; and religious knowledge,
175, 180, 209
belief: authentic, 157; blind faith, 213–14;
folk, 104; ways of knowing, explanation,
and superstition, 109–18. See also religion
Belmont, Nicole, 118
betrayal, and diaspora discourse, 125–27
Bhagwan, H., 40
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