There are two acknowledgments that need to be made before all others.
I have no idea where I would be now if it had not been for Dick Goff. To
Dick this book is a meager offering for all his years of kindness, which
began at Eastern Michigan University. I can never repay him. The Uni-
stitution, took a chance and provided me the initial opportunity and
Nita Daly, Eric Garcıa,
Linda Hall, Robert Himmerich y Valencia,
Sharon Kellum, Linda Kjeldgaard, Manya Paul, Enrique Semo, and
Joanie Swanson who all made my time there a real pleasure.
Little gets done without funding and I am grateful to the following
programs for supporting my research: Yale University’s Program in
Agrarian Studies; the Yale Council on International and Area Studies; a
Social Science Research Council International Dissertation Field Re-
search Grant with funds provided by the Andrew W. Mellon Founda-
tion; a Fulbright-HaysDoctoral Dissertation Grant; anAlbert J. Bever-
idge Grant from the American Historical Association; and a National
Endowment for the Humanities Summer Stipend. A Whiting Fellow-
ship in the Humanities and a Mellon fellowship from the Yale Council
on Latin American Studies provided funds for the writing of the disser-
of History Faculty Research Fund generously covered the costs of pho-
tographing maps and images.
Thanks also to the staff and archivists at the Benson Library’s Latin
American Collection at the University of Texas at Austin, the Archivo
Historico ´ del Agua, the Archivo General de la Nacion, ´ the Archivo