José Batista Gonçalves Afonso is a lawyer and coordinator for the Pastoral
Land Commission (cpt) in Marabá, Pará, where he has collaborated with
rural social movements for eighteen years. He is the author of several articles
on agrarian conflicts and human rights violations in the Amazon region.
Sonia Maria P. P. Bergamasco is an agronomist and professor at the School
of Agricultural Engineering at the Universidade Estadual de Campinas
(unicamp). Over the last forty-five years she has led various research projects
in the Brazilian countryside, dealing with family farmers, rural community
groups, land reform, and agricultural policies. Among her numerous publica-
tions are Assentamentos rurais no século XXI: Temas recorrentes, with Julieta
de Oliveira and Vanilde de Souza-Esquerdo; A alternativa dos trabalhadores
rurais: Organização social, trabalho e política, and O que são assentamentos
rurais?, both with Luiz Norder.
Sue Branford is a journalist who has covered Brazil for the bbc World Service,
the Financial Times, the Economist, the Guardian, and other news outlets for
thirty-five years. She has also conducted extensive research on the country’s
agrarian conflicts. Her books include Cutting the Wire: The Story of Brazil’s
Landless Movement, with Jan Rocha; Politics Transformed: Lula and the Work-
ers’ Party in Brazil; and Brazil Carnival of the Oppressed: Lula and the Brazilian
Workers’ Party, both with Bernardo Kucinski; and The Last Frontier: Fighting
over Land in the Amazon, with Oriel Glock.
Elena Calvo-González, an anthropologist and lecturer at the Federal Univer-
sity of Bahia, carried out her doctoral fieldwork in land reform settlements in
the Brazilian northeast, between 1999 and 2003. She has published several
papers based on her ethnographic research.
Miguel Carter is a political scientist and director of demos – Centro para
la Democracia, la Creatividad y la Inclusión Social, in Asunción, Paraguay.
Prior to this he was a lecturer at American University, in Washington, DC, and