INDEX
Abdel-Malek, Anwar, 5
Adams, John, 75
Adams, John Quincy, 232-33
Agui, 36, 136, 164
Aisin Gioro, 32, 35 n.15, 36
Althusser, Louis, 3
Amherst embassy, 214-16, 228; Macart-
ney embassy as precedent for, 214
Amiot, Joseph-Maria, 96, 112
Anderson, Aeneas, 105 n.16, 218 n.9
Annam: and Qing imperium, 32, 51, 198
Annual Register,
71 n.17, 218 n.9
appearances and reality, 18-19, 70-71;
Macartney on, 59
Attiret, Jean-Denis, 69, 108
audience with emperor: analysis of,
170-76, 212-13; Boxer Protocol and,
228; lamas and, 44-48; Macartney
and, 105-108; negotiations of1873,
227-28; at Rehe, 1-2.
See also
Guest
Ritual
Backhouse, Edmund, 238
Baker, Keith, 63
Barthes, Roland, 3
Bartlett, Beatrice, 35-36, 43 n.37
Barrow, John,
104
Batavia, Dutch establishment in, 96
Bawden, Charles, 39
Bell, Catherine, 21
Belsey, Catherine, 6 n.lO
Benjamin, Walter, 5
bestowals: at British audience, 1, 178;
centering and, 150; Portuguese prece-
dent and, 151-52; supreme lord-lesser
lord relations and, 129-30.
See also
Qianlong emperor
Bland, J. O. P., 238
Bloch, Maurice, 21
Blue, Gregory, 72
Board of Astronomy, 151, 154 n.28
Board of Revenue, 139
Board of Rites, 139, 172; presentation o
local products at, 172
Board of Works, 139
bodhisattva, emperor as, 40
Bonaparte, Napoleon, 27
Boxer Protocol, 228, 236
British embassy: as British precedent,
229-32; Chinese assessments of in
twentieth century, 239-44; critics of,
218 n.9; division of, 147, 152; epigram
and, 229; Grand Council assessment
of, 209; knowledge produced by,
200-202,205,218-20; post-Opium
War assessments of, 229-31; Qian-
long's assessment of, 184-85, 190-91;
as Qing precedent, 213-15, 226-28;
time constraints regarding, 144, 146.
See also
Macartney, George Lord
British empire, 221
Browne, Henry, 82, 103, 135
Burke, Edmond, 64, 71, 74, 107
Cannadine, David, 234
Carl, Catherine, 236
centering
(jengjian shi zhong),
123;
altering imperial bestowals and,
164, 202; departure of British em-
bassy and, 196; distinguished from
British ceremony and business,
223-24; greeting and, 155-58; treat-
ment of guests and, 143, 185.
See also
bestowals
ceremony and business.
See
Macartney
George Lord
28
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