glossary
adulterino—the o√spring of a union in which one of the partners was married
to someone else
ajeno—belonging to someone else (as in hijo ajeno, someone else’s child;
crianza ajena, child rearing performed by an unrelated caretaker)
alimentos—child support, or material assistance owed to a family member
ama—nurse, especially a wet nurse; synonymous with nodriza
Casa de Huérfanos—the foundling home of Santiago
chinito—poor child or child servant; term carries an ethnic charge
comadre—kinswoman; woman with whom spiritual kinship is shared
compadrazgo—cogodparenthood or ritual coparenthood
criado/a—servant or dependent; young person reared in a nonnatal
household
crianza—rearing; upbringing
curador—legal representative appointed to represent the interests of minors
in o≈cial transactions; legal guardian
espúreo—spurious o√spring; extramarital progeny born of a proscribed union
(such as of a priest or an adulterous union)
estado civil—civil state; in the Civil Code, family-based attributes of the
individual that entailed certain rights and obligations toward others
estirpe—lineage
expósito/a—foundling
filiación—relations of descent between parents and children or genealogical
origins; also, one’s birth status as illegitimate or legitimate
formación—education in the broad sense not only of instruction in a trade or
skill but also of moral or character education
gañán—itinerant, unskilled laborer; peon
hacendado—the owner of a hacienda
hacienda—large, landed estate
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