Index
Advertising, 49, 90, 95, 114, 150, 258–60,
258, 268; for medicines, 175–76; and
mlm, 27–28; and yaogun, 74, 86 n.25.
See also Marketing; Xuanchuan (propa-
ganda/publicity)
Age, 24, 106, 170, 229, 230
Agency, 17, 115, 119
aids. See hiv/aids
All China Women’s Federation, 111, 112,
157
Alterity, 239, 264–65, 267
Alternative modernity/ies, 265–67, 273
n.30; and time/space, 198
Alternative urbanities, 267
Anagnost, Ann, 40, 166, 242, 249, 255–56
Anderson, Benedict, 275, 292 nn.3, 4
Anonymity, 1, 5, 17, 18, 106, 285; Chinese
terms for, 275, 280–81; cultural con-
struction of, 291; of marketing forms,
26; and the urban, 19, 227, 274, 281. See
also Cities; Facelessness; Niming (ano-
nymity); Wuming (anonymity)
Anthropology, 2, 265; of China, 19; urban,
124, 245, 274, 279
Anti-Rightist Campaign, 63
Anti-urban bias, 250, 251–52, 271 n.16
Appadurai, Arjun, 158, 241 n.2
Asian Games (1990), 123–24, 131–32, 136
Athletes, 13, 115, 123, 124, 127, 139, 141; femi-
ninity of, 140; rural origins of, 129; and
spiritual civilization, 128; and the state,
130–31
Backwardness (luohou), 16, 29, 265–66; as
category, 185, 197, 198, 255; vs. ‘‘prog-
ress,’’ 185–86, 188, 196–99; and rurality,
17–18, 250–51
Banna. See Sipsongpanna; Xishuangbanna
Baofahu (nouveau riche), 134, 262
Barefoot doctors, 172
Beauty, 14, 98, 137, 157–58, 167, 170, 235–36;
‘‘traditional oriental’’ vs. ‘‘Western,’’ 13,
137–40; products, 167, 171, 177
Beijing, 1, 4, 17, 29, 30, 45, 65 n.19, 67–86
passim; 93, 124, 126–29, 133, 147, 165,
168–70, 172, 195, 225, 234, 201–7, 209,
211–14, 219, 221 n.4, 222 nn.9, 14; Civili-
zation Code (wenming gongyue) in,
129; as civilizing center, 14, 125, 126, 128,
130, 132, 140–41, 219; as consumer mar-
ket, 203; culture of, 125, 132, 219; as elite/
cosmopolitan center, 13, 134, 141; hukou
transfers to, 53, 64–65 n.19, 129; and so-
cial order, 125, 128–29; as tourist destina-
tion, 219. See also Floating population/
floaters (liudong renkou); Wenzhou and
Wenzhou migrants; Yaogun (rock and
roll); Zhejiangcun (in Beijing)
Benjamin, Walter, 256
Big yards (dayuan), 204–5, 212, 216; demo-
lition of, 217–18; order and security in,
212–13
Black market, 69, 108. See also Piracy
Bodies, 4, 9, 12, 13, 14, 40, 145, 157, 166; and
cities, 123, 124, 168; as commodities, 118;
and consumerism, 171–72; disciplining
of, 98, 167; economies of, 166, 174, 181;
images of, 89, 90, 93, 95, 96–99, 101, 102,
103, 114–15, 118–19, 123–24; and mod-
ernization, 105; and mlm, 26, 32, 35–36;
and power, 62 n.9, 141, 220; shape of,
98–99, 100–101, 138; as sites of social
order, 177; and the state, 166–67. See
also Bodily practices; Body culture;
Breast-feeding; Health care; Sexuality
Bodily practices, 36, 55, 90, 98, 124
Body culture, 124, 125, 131, 141, 181
Border crossing, 105, 113, 117, 121
Bourdieu, Pierre, 13, 61 n.3, 127, 141, 210,
240–41 n.2, 249
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