N O T E S
1. For more information on my use of foia in this Duke University Press series, see
Price 2004b: 355–61.
2. For information on the Cambridge Working Group, see http:// www . cambridge
workinggroup . org / ; information on Scientists for Science is available at http:// www
. scientistsforscience . org / . Accessed 8/15/14.
3. I am grateful to Roberto González for suggesting the theme of dual personality
features after reading an early draft of this preface.
O N E
Political Economy and Intelligence
1. President Truman used the ﬁfty- six- page, top secret “Park Report” to discredit, and
disband, the oss as an amateurish outﬁt, inﬁltrated by communists.
2. iris later became the Bureau of Intelligence Research.
3. The span of time between the dissolution of the oss (October 1, 1945) and the es-
tablishment of the cia (July 26, 1947) was 664 days.
4. While the cia viewed the rising anticolonialist movement as a potential threat,
anthropologists like John Embree, Raymond Kennedy, and Jack Harris championed
these transformations as hopeful developments. Ironically, the cia had tried to recruit
Jack Harris, though he declined its ofer in part because the oss had broken promises
to individuals who had helped him out of “diﬃcult situations” during the war (Melvern
5. The 1954 Doolittle Commission was appointed by President Eisenhower to evaluate
the range of secret work undertaken by the cia.
6. Peter Richardson reports that the cia undertook retaliatory action against Ramparts,
including increased surveillance on the magazine’s staf and a range of “dirty tricks to
hurt their circulation,” and other acts that included considerations of blackmail against
vulnerable staf (Richardson 2009: 79–80).
7. These New York Times articles included De Onis 1967; Emerson 1967; Farnsworth
1967; Flint 1967; Fox, 1967; Herbers 1967; Kenworthy 1967a, 1967b; Lelyveld 1968; nyt
1967a, 1967b, 1967c; Reed 1967; Sheehan 1967a, 1967b, 1967c, 1967d; and Turner 1967.
8. In 1974, John Marks published a methodologically improved efort to identify cia
agents in his essay “How to Spot a Spook,” which focused particularly on identifying
embassy “po litical oﬃcers” (Marks 1974).
9. John Ehrlichman and H. R. Halderman met with Helms on June 23, 1972, to request
that the cia disrupt the fbi’s Watergate investigation (Powers 1976: 54).