i n t ro d u C t i o n : r e C l a i m i n g t H e “ lo s t s e x ”
1. For a history of the Daughters of Bilitis, see Gallo, Diﬀerent Daughters. See
also Adam, Rise of a Gay and Lesbian Movement.
2. Stearn, The Grapevine, 15. Hereafter all citations refer to this edition and are
included in parentheses in the text.
3. For a genealogy of this discourse, see Terry, An American Obsession, 268–328.
4. On this aspect of Cold War homophobia, see especially D’Emilio, Sexual
Politics, Sexual Communities; Johnson, The Lavender Scare; Smith, “National Secu-
rity and Personal Isolation”; Dean, Imperial Brotherhood, 63–96; and Terry, An
American Obsession, 329–52.
5. Stearn, The Grapevine, cover.
6. The scholarship on anticommunist discourse is immense. Some important
examples are Caute, The Great Fear; Schrecker, Many Are the Crimes; and Dean,
7. Quoted in Terry, An American Obsession, 330.
8. See in particular Johnson, The Lavender Scare, 162–63. See also Corber,
“Cold War Femme.”
9. I include my earlier work on Cold War homophobia. See in particular
Corber, In the Name of National Security. In making this critique, I do not want
to minimize the signiﬁcance of previous scholarship on Cold War homophobia.
Rather, I want to emphasize the need to locate the Cold War construction of
the lesbian in twentieth-century U.S. women’s history, as I attempt to do in this
introduction. For an important exception to the imbalance in the scholarship, see
Terry, An American Obsession. Terry does an excellent job of tracking the shifting
construction of the lesbian in twentieth-century American culture. Where my
analysis diﬀers from hers is in showing how that shifting construction worked to
produce a sexually ambiguous female femininity that underlay much of the sexual
paranoia in Cold War cultural production.
10. For an important discussion of the sexological understanding of the femi-
nine woman who made a lesbian object choice, see Chauncey, “From Sexual In-
version to Homosexuality.”
11. It is important to point out that throughout the postwar period women