Data Set I: 158 cases, total number of black female prisoners, esp 1880–1910. Source:
Eastern State Penitentiary Convict Descriptive Registers, 1829–1903 (cdr) and Convict
Reception Registers, 1842–1929 (crr).
Data Set II: 386 cases, total number of female prisoners, esp 1880–1910. Source: cdr, crr.
Data Set III: 700 cases, collected randomly at ﬁve-year intervals between 1880 and 1910.
Source: cdr, crr.
Data Set IV: 3,226 cases, total number of female prisoners, pcp 1885–1910. Source: Phila-
delphia County Prisoners for Trial Docket (ptd).
Data Set V: 648 cases, randomly collected at ﬁve-year intervals, pcp 1885–1910. Source:
Black Female Recidivism at
Eastern State Penitentiary, 1880–1910
Number of Convictions
Source: Data Set I
are missing for 8 of 158 black female inmates.