index
abolitionist movement, 13–14, 24–26, 30–31,
36–38
Act for the Gradual Abolition of Slavery, 25–27,
39
Act for the Identification of Habitual Criminals,
136–37, 188n.20
Act for the Trial of Negroes, 21–22
Act to Provide Civil Rights for All People, 48
African Americans: elite class of, 10, 178n.39; as
first penitentiary inmates, 129; racist hereditary
studies of, 133–38
African-American scholarship and empowerment,
1–2, 155–56
agency and prostitution, 82
Alberts, Margaret, 125
Albright, Mick, 73
alcohol regulations and race, 67–71, 198n.161,
198n.165, 199n.169
Alexander, Sadie Tanner Mossell, 152
alienation and larceny, 10
Allen, Richard, 29
ame Mother Bethel Church, 52, 54
Archey, Emma, 215n.59
Archey, Irene, 141
Armstrong, Hattie, 97
Austin, Regina, 199n.172
autonomy: of black women, 44–46; leisure
activities and, 59–61, 194n.110
badger crimes, 72–73, 77–81, 101, 200n.1; media
coverage of, 215n.59; white justice system and,
123–25
Bailey, Mary, 84, 206n.69
Ball, Gil, 69
Barber, Percy V., 42, 188n.14
Bartholomew, John and Mary, 15–17
Beacham, Arthur, 78
Beary, Bella, 116
Beccaria, Cesare, 31
Bertillon, Alphonse, 136–37
Bertillon Hand Books, 137–38
Beveridge, Albert J., 106
black activism and black scholarship, 2
black church and community, 27–29
black community: black church and, 27–29;
black female criminals and, 4
black female criminals: biases of justice syste
against, 123–25; birthplace data on, 160; c
munity and, 4; conditions for, at Eastern
140–46; crime characteristics and origins
161; current vs. historical characterization
150–56; employment data on, 158; histori
understanding of, 3, 174n.15; in Jacksonia
America, 33–34; popular culture images o
178n.43; psychic damage of, 6, 155, 176n.2
228n.26; scholarship on, 155–56, 228n.28
‘‘Black Fiends in Prison,’’ 218n.87
black male criminals and race, 118–21
black newspapers, crime coverage in, 116, 21
black scholarship: black activism and, 2; her
aspects of, 3, 173n.12; political empowerm
through, 1–2, 156–57
black women: demonization of, 112–19; dep
tions of, by African-American elites, 64–
excluded from republican womanhood, 3
186n.111; history of, 6, 176n.25; hiv/aids
229n.30; housing discrimination against,
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