I N D E X
Aberbanel, Albert, 113–14
Advertising: African Americans and,
18–19, 109–28; alternative radio and,
147, 161 n.62; concentration of, 77–
78, 80; for ‘‘Donovan’s Brain,’’ 281–
82; gender and, 262–64; science ra-
dio and, 171; on Suspense, 281. See
also Consumers; Sponsorship
African Americans: alternative radio
and, 112–13, 137, 147–48; low-power
radio and, 54–55; market of, 18–19,
109–28; poetry radio and, 199–203;
sound and, 122–28; television and,
122–23
Age, 140–41, 158 n.30. See also Youth
radio
Ahrens, Frank, 17
Airwaves, 85
Allen, Gracie, 19–20, 237–48
Allen, Paul, 152
Alternative radio: advertising and, 147,
161 n.62; African Americans and,
112–13, 137, 147–48; age and, 140–41,
158 n.30; commercial radio and, 135–
37, 146–54; communities and, 150;
competition and, 140–41; corpora-
tions and, 148; definitions of, 154 n.1,
155 n.7; gender and, 19, 134–35, 137–
39, 140–54; Internet and, 152; low-
power radio and, 52–57; music and,
136–42, 145–54; regulation and, 135–
37; shock radio and, 142–46; so-
cioeconomic class and, 137. See also
Youth radio
Amateur radio, 11, 17–18, 63–70, 72
n.14. See also Low-power radio
Amazing Stories, 12–13
American Civil Liberties Union
(aclu), 81
American Institute of Electrical Engi-
neers (aiee), 42–44
American Radio Relay League (arrl),
63, 69, 73 n.27
American Telephone and Telegraph
(at&t), 17, 42–51
‘‘Amos ’n’ Andy,’’ 131 n.35
Anderson, Benedict, 95
aol-Time Warner, 140
Armed Forces Radio Network, 165
Arnheim, Rudolph, 223, 231
Art, 5–6
Artaud, Antonin, 5
Associational listening, 295, 297–98.
See also Listening
Association of Micropower Broad-
casters (ampb), 53
Audiences, 18–19, 109–28, 206–12, 263–
64. See also Listening
Avery, Norm, 16
Avraamov, Arseni, 5
Bagdikian, Ben, 85
Ballinger, Leo, 80
‘‘Bans O’ Killing,’’ 101–2
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