1 Judy Yung, “Appendix: A Chronology of Asian American History,” in Mak-
ing Waves: An Anthology of Writings By and About Asian American Women, ed.
Asian Women United of California (Boston: Beacon Press, 1989), 423–31.
See also James Moy, Marginal Sights: Staging the Chinese in America (Iowa City:
University of Iowa Press, 1993), 11.
2 Noting important spatiotemporal differences, there are suggestive resonances
here to Michel Foucault’s analysis of the shift in disciplinary economies and
their tactics of subjection, from a concern with the criminal body as tortured
spectacle to the criminal soul as object of investigation and rehabilitation, es-
pecially what he terms the “body politic”: “a set of material elements and
techniques that serve as weapons, relays, communication routes and supports
for the power and knowledge relations that invest human bodies and subju-
gate them by turning them into objects of knowledge.” Discipline and Punish:
The Birth of the Prison, trans. Alan Sheridan (New York: Vintage, 1979), 28.
3 For a detailed discussion of this act and other legislative and public policy
efforts to delimit the presence of Asian female bodies in the United States,
see Sucheng Chan’s essay, “The Exclusion of Chinese Women, 1870 –1943,”
in Entry Denied: Exclusion and the Chinese Community in America, 1882–1943,
ed. Sucheng Chan (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1991). Chan
points out a significant monetary factor that would deter the immigration
official from being fully convinced: “Any ship captain who violated this stat-
ute would be charged with a misdemeanor and fined between $1,000 and
$5,000 or be imprisoned from two to twelve months. The state commis-
sioner of immigration, headquartered in San Francisco, was given consider-
able incentive to enforce the law: He could retain 20 percent of all fees and
commissions he collected as he carried out his duties” (98).
4 Julie Thompson Klein, Interdisciplinarity: History, Theory, and Practice (Detroit:
Wayne State University Press, 1990), 21–22.
5 Taking off from René Girard’s critical exploration of the dynamics of “dis-
cipleship” in an eighteenth-century monastery, John Mowitt points out that