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W
omen of color live in the dangerous intersections of gender
and race. Within the mainstream antiviolence movement in
the U.s., women of color who survive sexual or domestic abuse
are often told that they must pit themselves against their commu-
nities, often portrayed stereotypically as violent, in order to begin
the healing process. Communities of color, meanwhile, often ad-
vocate that women keep silent about sexual and domestic
violence in order to maintain a united front against racism. In ad-
dition, the remedies for addressing sexual and domestic violence
utilized by the antiviolence movement have proven to be gener-
ally inadequate for addressing the problems of gender violence in
general, but particularly for addressing violence against women
of color. The problem is not simply an issue of providing multicul-
tural services to survivors of violence. Rather, the analysis of and
strategies for addressing gender violence have failed to address
the manner in which gender violence is not simply a tool of patri-
archal control, but also serves as a tool of racism and colonialism.
That is, colonial relationships are themselves gendered and
sexualized.
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