1. In March 2005, through a joint venture with Macmin, Triple Plate Junction, a
British mining company, began a major series of exploration drills in the area.
2. Biodiversity is both a scientiﬁc concept and a socially constructed political slogan
(Haila 1998:165; see also Takacs 1996). For the designers of the Crater Mountain Inte-
grated Conservation and Development Project, biodiversity was a measurable quantity of
plants and animals that could be monitored over time to test the hypothesis that if people
are given access to markets which depend on biodiversity, they will work to conserve
3. Throughout this book I write about conservation scientists, planners, practitioners,
and activists. Often in the anthropological literature on environmental conservation, the
terms conservationist and environmentalist are used to demarcate certain groups of people
working within the global environmental movement. The use of these terms collapses
into one category a series of di√erently positioned actors with di√erent agendas. I take
conservation scientists to be people conducting scientiﬁc research that it is hoped will be of
beneﬁt to conservation practices, conservation planners and conservation practitioners to be
people working for conservation organizations that have the waged labor positions in-
volving design and implementation of conservation projects, and conservation activists to
be people working for conservation in terms of politics, but not necessarily employed by
a conservation organization. There are times when these categories overlap, but in gen-
eral, I try to discuss this when it is the case.
4. Gimi is both the name used to describe an ethnolinguistic group and the name used
to describe their language. Following Dorothy Hodgson’s (2001) examination of the
social creation of ‘‘the Maasai,’’ I take invocations of ‘‘the Gimi’’ to be tied to historically
constituted images and imaginaries concerning the people who speak the Gimi language.
Throughout this book when I refer to the Gimi, I am referring to these images and
imaginaries and not to Gimi peoples. In referring to Gimi peoples I will simply say Gimi.
5. All of the citations for Gillison in this book are for the work of Gillian Gillison
unless otherwise indicated. While David Gillison has published a book concerned with
his experiences in Papua New Guinea (2002), it is predominantly a book of photographs.