Many thanks are in order to people and institutions that helped me com-
plete this book. I would like to thank the Council for Research in the
Humanities of Columbia University for summer grants and the Andrew W.
Mellon Foundation for a fellowship at Stanford University that gave me
the support necessary to begin this project.
I wish to thank Roger L. Conover for permission to quote from Mina
Loy's poetry published in The Last Lunar Baedeker (Jargon Society Press,
1982). I also thank Patricia Willis, curator of the Yale Collection of Amer-
ican Literature, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University,
for permission to quote from Gertrude Stein's personal correspondence.
Grateful acknowledgment is made to all of the following for permission to
reprint previously published work. A version of the first section of chapter
I appeared earlier as "Terms of Assimilation: Legislating Subjectivity in
the Emerging Nation," boundary 2: an international journal of literature
and culture, vol. 19, special issues edited by Karl Kroeber (1992); it was
reprinted in American Indian Persistence and Resurgence, ed. Karl Kroe-
ber (Duke University Press, 1994) and, with slight revisions, in Cultures of
United States Imperialism, ed. Amy Kaplan and Donald E. Pease (Duke
University Press, 1994). The second section of chapter 2 was published in
a different form as "Hearing Narrative Voices in Melville's Pierre," bound-
ary 2, vol. 17, special issue edited by Donald E. Pease (1990); it was
reprinted in Revisionary Interventions into the Americanist Canon, ed.
Donald E. Pease (Duke University Press, 1994). Parts of chapter 4 were
previously published as "A God Who Is Later a Terror: (En)countering the
National Plot in Gertrude Stein's The Making ofAmericans," in Prospects:
An Annual ofAmerican Cultural Studies, vol. 16, ed. Jack Salzman (Cam-
bridge University Press, 1991).