Alevis, Alevilik Tk.; the people who identify with the religious tradition of ‘‘Alevi-
ism’’; Alevis are Turkish and Kurdish speakers; estimates of population range
between 10 and 30 million; they fall loosely under a Shi’a rubric, sometimes
referred to as mystical or suﬁ, like the related Bekta¸sis; they su√ered centuries of
persecution, practicing a very di√erent sort of Islam from the Sunnis (the majority
practice in Turkey and the Ottoman Empire); Alevis are over-represented in the
German diaspora from Turkey. Often associated with leftist politics.
Alamanya/Almanya Tk.; Germany.
Almanyalı/Almancı Tk.; vernacular for a migrant or immigrant to Germany; im-
plication is ‘‘German-ish’’; can be pejorative.
Alternative Ger.; German counter-culture.
Ausländer Ger.; foreigners, outsiders.
Ausländerfeindlichkeit Ger.; xenophobia.
Aussiedler Ger.; ‘‘settler,’’ speciﬁcally an ‘‘ethnic German,’’ who moves from the
former USSR to Germany.
Cem (ayin-i cem) Tk.; central Alevi communal ritual in which women and men
participate together; includes dancing (sometimes in a trance state), music, sym-
bolic reenactment of tragic Karbala events; traditionally held in a cemevi (lit. ‘‘Cem
Gastarbeiter Ger.; guestworker.
Gavur Tk.; colloquial for non-Muslim, inﬁdel.
Gurbet Tk.; exile.
Gurbetçi Tk.; one who lives in exile, away from home.
Gymnasium Ger.; academic high school, o√ering preparation for university en-