Introduction: Beyond the Developmental Gaze
All illustrations are by the author, as are translations unless otherwise in-
1. I am obliged to Joanne Rappaport for bringing Trinh’s work to my attention.
2. ‘‘The concept of structural violence draws our attention to unequal life
chances, usually caused by great inequality, injustice, discrimination, and
exclusion and needlessly limiting people’s physical, social, and psychologi-
cal well-being’’ (Uvin 1998, 105).
1. More Than an Engaged Fieldnote
1. This expression was coined by June Nash (1976), based on her experience
doing research in the politically charged environment of tin mining in
Bolivia: ‘‘In Bolivia it was not possible to choose the role of an impartial
observer and still work in the tin mining community of Oruro, where I had
gone to study ideology and social change. . . . The polarisation of the class
struggle made it necessary to take sides or to be cast by them on one side or
the other. In a revolutionary situation, no neutrals are allowed’’ (Nash
1976, 150, cited in Sluka 1995, 286).
2. The anthropology of development focuses on the study of the problems
and processes of development, whereas development anthropology focuses
on the practicalities of doing development.
3. Taussig (2004, 9) points out, correctly in my opinion, that the word delin-
cuente covers a wide range of criminal activities ranging from pickpocketing
to murder and proposes that the closest translation would be ‘‘murderous
4. The New People’s Army is the armed wing of the Communist Party of the
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