allanamiento: A search operation carried out by the military or police, often of indi-
vidual homes. The word developed a more generalized usage and meaning with
the repression surrounding the Chilean military coup and subsequent dictator-
ship and began to designate any repressive operation carried out by the armed
forces on a target considered subversive.
aillarewe: A territorially based lineage unit that brought together a half dozen or
so Mapuche land-grant communities, often connected through marriage, and
served as a unit for ritual and broader forms of sociability.
asentamiento: An agrarian reform unit created under the Christian Democratic
agrarian reform law. It was constituted as a cooperative of families to be gov-
erned by heads of household alongside government representatives. The mem-
bers of the cooperative were known as asentados.
Asociación Gremial Consejo de Desarrollo Pesquero Campesino (Council for Fish-
ing and Peasant Development, or codepeca): With its headquarters in the
community of Ailío, this ‘‘syndicalist’’ (gremialista) association created in 1988
under the laws of the dictatorship grouped together Mapuche communities and
non-Mapuche ﬁshermen in a local self-help development organization legally
able to receive international aid for several development projects.
boldo: A large, oaklike native tree whose leaves can be used for a variety of medici-
nal purposes, especially, when steeped in hot water and served as tea, to aid
cacique: Originally a Carib word for leader or headman, during the colonial period
it was generalized to mean any indigenous leader. In the case of the Mapuche
it was often used as a synonym for logko.
Caja de Colonización Agrícola: A government agency created in 1928 for the pur-
pose of buying up larger agricultural properties and subdividing them into