Notes
Editors’ Introduction
1
Lombroso and Ferrero 2004.
2
The dates of publication for the five editions of Criminal Man are 1876
(256 pages), 1878 (746 pages), 1884 (610 pages), 1889 (1,241 pages in two
volumes), and 1896–97 (1,902 pages in three volumes plus a fourth vol-
umecontaining57pagesoftextand102plates).Foradetailedcomparison
of the five editions, see appendix 1.
3
ThereareonlytwoEnglish-languagevolumesthatconstitutepartialtrans-
lationsof Lombroso’s Criminal Man:GinaLombroso-Ferrero’s Criminal
Man (1911) and Lombroso’s Crime: Its Causes and Remedies (1911). They
are discussed at greater length below.
4
For Lombroso’s biography, see Gibson 2002; Wolfgang 1972; Frigessi
2003; Villa 1985; Baima Bollone 1992; and Bulferetti 1975. Delfina Dolza
(1990) has written a book about Lombroso’s two daughters and Luigi
Guarnieri (2000) a fictional reconstruction of Lombroso’s life. Gina
Lombroso-Ferrero sketched the first outline of her father’s life in Cesare
Lombroso: Storia della vita e delle opere narrata dalla figlia (1915).
5
Beccaria1986.ThisparagraphoveremphasizesthecontrastbetweenLom-
brosoandBeccariainsofarasclassicalpenologycombinedfreewillandde-
terminism.LombrosofocusedontheroleoffreewillinBeccaria’sthought
in order to make his own determinist philosophy seem completely new.
See Beirne 1993.
6
The First International Congress of Criminal Anthropology was held in
Rome in 1885; it was followed bycongresses in Paris in 1889 and in Brus-
sels in 1892.On the debates at these congresses, see Nye 1976.
7
The estimated number of articles comes fromVilla (1985, 283).
8
Ontheroleof Lombroso’sfollowersintheItaliancriminaljusticesystem,
see Gibson 2002.
9
Lombroso-Ferrero 1972.
10
Lombroso 1968. The English translation of Crime: Its Causes and Reme-
dies is twice removed from the original Italian text because it was based
on earlier French and German translations of Lombroso’s work.
11
An earlier book by Lombroso, L’uomo di genio (1888),was translated into
English as The Man of Genius in 1891, but it is not a work of criminology.
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