Glossary
arroba: unit of weight, usually approximately 32 pounds or 14.746 kilograms
bagaço: bagasse, stalks of sugarcane after pressing; often used as fodder and/or fuel;
Bagaceira: shed where the bagasse was stored
braça: unit of mea sure corresponding to 2.2 meters or approximately 6 feet
cabra: man or woman with one black parent and one mulato(a) or pardo(a) parent
caifaz: literally Caiaphas, nickname for the members of a radical abolitionist group
formed in 1886 in São Paulo, who assisted thousands of slaves in abandoning the
plantations where they were enslaved
cana do rego: literally, trench cane; local term for newly planted sugarcane
cartório: local registry office; town or city clerk’s office
comadre: co- mother; godmother or kinswoman (fictive)
crioulo(a): Brazilian- born African man or woman
delegado/subdelegado: police delegate or subdelegate; police inspectors
engenho: sugar plantation including extensive lands and slaves as well as a mill for
pro cessing sugarcane into sugar
farinha: flour, in Bahia usually manioc flour
fazenda: rural property, usually farm or ranch
feitor, feitor- mor: overseer, general overseer
fula: light- skinned person of mixed African and Eu ropean ancestry
ingenûo: child born to an enslaved woman after the institution of the Law of the
Free Womb in 1871
liberto(a): freed slave
mel: in Brazilian sugar- making terminology, the sugarcane syrup from which could
be made cachaça or sugar, but not rum; not molasses
mestiço(a): a generic term for a man or woman of mixed ancestry; mixed- race
person
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