abolition, 1, 7, 11, 19, 93, 95, 141, 195, 196, 197, 234,
278n1; in Brazil, xi; climate of, 53, 73; context of,
236; ex- masters’ views of, 83, 187; family ties and,
xxiv; government and, 87–88; gradual, 21–22;
immediate aftermath of, 74–102; in legislature,
70, 74; in novels, 83–85; planter re sistance to, 13,
65–68; race and, 238; religion and, 175; seignorial,
70–73; slaves as active participants in, xv–xvi;
tradition and, 80, 263n47
abolitionist movement, abolitionists, xxvi, 63, 67–68,
86, 217, 241–42, 283; Bahian, 13, 43; centers of, 43;
growing influence of, 28; lawyers and, 26, 276n62;
lower classes and, 60, 61–62, 63, 65, 75, 77; after
May 13, 1888, 239–40, 282n4; newspapers of, 67,
71; organ izations of, 60–63, 76; politics and, 61,
63, 260n49; propaganda of, 65, 70, 71, 121, 259n36;
radicalization of, 26, 236; in Salvador, 43, 49,
52, 60, 71, 89, 257n2; slave rescues by, 61, 64–65,
253n52; in southeastern Brazil, 258n27; sugar
industry vs., 63–64; 13th of May Society, 279n15;
urban, 25, 56–57. See also anti- slavery
Abolition Law of May 13, 1888 (Golden Law), 73, 88,
90–92, 97, 101, 144, 168, 186, 192, 209, 213–14, 216,
224, 227, 278n1; anniversaries of, 168, 243; cele-
brations of, xxvi, 75–77, 237, 239; centennial of, 2;
days following, 79–87; ex- masters’ views of, 143;
ex- slaves’ views of, 107, 127; psychological impact
of, 175; publication of, 88, 121; repercussions of,
106; rumors of revocation of, 242; violations of, 217
Adelaide, 178, 180, 181
Adelina, 217, 279n18
Africa, 2, 224; culture and heritage of, 4, 203, 242,
277n17; slave trade and, xi, 10
Africans, xiv, xviii, xxvi, 156, 216; African memories
of, 2; in Bahia, xi, 4, 58; descendants of, xi, xiii;
as free, xvi, 179–80, 181, 208; passing of, 184, 202;
as Recôncavo slaves, 11, 19, 114; religion of, 167;
as slaves, 10–12, 39, 114, 165, 186. See also under
names of peoples
agency, xii, 2
Agricultural and Commercial Union, 66
agriculture: diversification of Bahian export, xvi,
249–50n4; lavoura and, xx; management of, 18;
subsistence crops, xv, 250n4, 266n17, 271n39. See
also livestock; roça; and under names of individual
crops
Agripino, 125, 130, 132
Alagoinhas, 27, 73, 213, 227, 253n57, 257n59, 278n5
Albernaz, Joaquim Inácio, 67–68, 259nn41, 42
Alcântara surname, 201
Almeida, Francisca de (“Chica”), 206, 207
Almeida, José Vicente de, 172–73
Almeida, Marcelino José de, 172–73
Almeida family, 207
Almeida parish, 279n13
Alves, Isaías, 68, 70, 74, 80–81, 162
Alves, João, 206, 207, 208
Alves, Vitorina, 206, 207
Amâncio, 32, 39, 40, 42, 50, 127, 208
Amaral, Brás do, 240–42
Ambrósio, Francisco, 159, 165, 206
Anália, 134, 268n72
Anastácio, João, 105, 106, 108, 110, 111, 112
Ângela, 130, 131
Angolas, 10
Anísio, 180, 181
Anjos, Conegundes dos, 197, 202
Anjos, Esmeralda dos, 197, 202
Anjos, Maria Estevão dos, 197, 202
antislavery, 56–58, 60, 61, 65 241, 242. See also aboli-
tion movement, abolitionists
Antônia (crioula), 25, 178, 180, 198, 201
Index
Note: Page numbers in italics refer to illustrations.
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